Bone plates work like internal splints which hold together the fractured parts of a bone. These plates are available in all size, thicknesses, and shapes to suit the bone for which it is to be used. Over the years, developments in material science and engineering have led to the evolution of different shapes and size
Open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) are one of the treatment options to fix a broken bone. It puts the parts of a broken bone together, so that they can heal. Open reduction means the bones are put back in their place during a surgery. Internal fixation means that special hardware is used to hold
A kneecap or a patella is a small bone that connects the thigh bones and your leg bones. The function of patella is to protect the knee joint, by acting as a shield. The bones of the patella, thigh, and legs are enclosed with articular cartilage, a slippery fluid that allows smooth bone movement when
In an External Fixation System, pins are inserted in the skin into the bone and held in place by an external frame. Thus, there is no placement of Orthopedic implants internally. The usual indications are open fractures such as a tibia fracture which needs dressings or attention to a wound or flap. It can also
A thumb sprain is a severe condition that can occur in athletes, physically active people or simply anyone who experiences an injury relating to their hand. Many would consider this as a minor injury that will gradually heal on its own when, in fact, a thumb sprain can affect your ability to grasp, therefore impairing
A bone plate may be placed so that it may be utilized for one of the following kinds of structural support: Compression Mode Neutralization Mode Buttress plate Antiglide plate Bridge plating or span plating Tension band Plates are available in various shapes and sizes depending on the bone size and its anatomical shape. Similarly, Bone
The wrist contains two forearm bones: the ulna and the radius. The most commonly encountered fracture in the wrist is that of the distal radius, the end of the larger of the two arm bones at the thumb-side of the wrist. Generally, Distal radius fractures occur about one inch from the end of the radius
What is a Hip Fracture? A hip fracture is a severe injury that may hamper your ability to walk. Most people fracture their hips at the upper area of the femur, where the thighbone meets the hip joint. The injury usually requires surgery and physical therapy for a full recovery. The surgeons use ortho implants
Cervical implants are orthopedic devices orthopedic surgeons use to decompress and stabilize the spine. These devices are implanted either from the front (anterior) of the spine or from the back (posterior). Information about anterior implants starts below. The aims of cervical spine surgery include: Reduce pressure on the nerve(s) by decompression (for instance, surgically removing
Clavicle (collarbone) fractures make up 44% to 66% of all fractures of shoulder. A doctor can often diagnose a clavicle fracture during a physical evaluation, but X-rays and other tests are often recommended. The fracture may also require surgical intervention when Orthopaedic or trauma Implant may be used to fix the fracture. Diagnosing Clavicle Fractures
Stress fractures are a type of overuse injury characterized by small cracks in the bone. When muscles are fatigued and can’t absorb repeated impact, the shock is transferred to the bones. Weak bones caused by Osteoporosis may also be more vulnerable to stress fractures. These fractures can occur from sports or normal daily activities. Stress
A fibula fracture occurs when there is an injury in the leg to one of the two bones of the leg. The leg (the segment between the ankle and knee) is made up of two bones. The larger bone, the tibia, carries most of the weight of the body). The smaller bone, the fibula, is
The components of a ring fixator system are categorized into 2 categories: main and secondary. The main parts are the standard elements utilized to correct skeletal deformities: rings, wire-fixation bolts, wires, and buckles, pin clamps, and pins. The secondary parts of the system comprised of the elements essential for the assembly of the fixator: rods,
From the mechanical viewpoint, it’s not essential to remove an orthopaedic nail in a weight-bearing limb and dissimilar from a plate, it can be left indefinitely in the body. Removal initiated by request of the patient should be delayed for eighteen months. Intramedullary devices sometimes induce local changes which can be irritative either to the
Pins are versatile and are usually helpful for internal fixation. A pin has a comparatively small diameter and is inserted through the soft tissue and bone with comparatively little trauma. A Kirschner wire is inserted with a power drill as well as a guidance system. The soft tissues tend to wind round the Kirschner wire
The orthopedic implants manufacturers deploy many of the metal-working methods. A brief account of the fabrication process of some implants follows. An orthopedic bone screw is manufactured by very precise procedures from titanium or steel rod with a diameter of at least the width of a cannulation at this step, which is added by gun
Successful use of a bone plate relies on the properties of the plate, the bone screws, the bone and on the accurate application of biomechanical principles. Plate related factors The strength of a plate relies on its cross-sections; thickness is the most significant contributing factor. The strength differs with the cube of the thickness. The
Cortical and Cancellous Screws A cancellous bone screw has larger threads and a higher pitch in comparison to the cortical screw. It resembles a modified wood-type screw. Its tip isn’t tapered. The core diameter, that is smaller than that of the shaft, offers a greater surface area for purchase of the screw threads on bone.
Cannulated Screw A cannulated screw is utilized for precise insertion in epiphyseal or metaphyseal site over a guide wire reducing the problem of having to remove and reposition an incorrectly placed screw. A guide wire correctly visualizes the path of the screw. Moreover, the guide wire maintains the reduction as well as controls the fracture
Wound Care & Dressing: Post operation, all care should be taken such that chances of infection are minimized. Following surgery, care should be taken to keep the wound dry and clean. The dressing should be changed at regular intervals as advised by the Doctor. Unless allowed by the Doctor, dressings should be done by skilled
The indications and clinical need for routine hardware removal after treating ankle or distal tibia fracture with open reduction and internal fixation are doubtful even when hardware-related pain is unimportant. The article reviews a study carried out on the subject. Purpose of Study Distal tibia and displaced ankle fractures are among the most common fractures
Surgical implants act as internal aids to normal healing and CAN’T bear the weight of the body when the bone is incompletely healed/not united. Surgical implants have offered the surgeon a means of rigid fixation for fracture management and reconstructive surgery. ONLY TRAINED ORTHOPAEDIC SURGEON should decide the use of correct implants & should do
For many years, orthopedic surgeons have relied upon stainless steel surgical fixation implants to treat patients having different types of acute orthopedic injuries. However, surgical implantation is just one step in an otherwise intricate as well as a complex process of developing and using a Stainless-Steel orthopaedic implant. Before the arrival of a stainless-steel orthopedic
Pre-admission Testing ALL Pre-admission Lab work, as well as Testing, must be finished prior to the date of surgery. This is for your safety and to prescreen all likely conditions your surgeon and anesthesiologist would require to be aware of before surgery. Your insurance carrier can or cannot cover this expense; though, they are essential
Surgical removal of hardware for internal fixation of broken bones is one of the most often performed orthopedic surgeries in the western world. A total of 180,000 hardware removal surgeries were performed in Germany in the year 2010, making it the 4th most common surgical process in orthopedic surgery after fixation of the surgical fracture,
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