During sports activity, athletes often injure their wrist & hands because the hands often absorb impact. Such injuries may include the supporting tendons, ligaments, or bones.
Skiers are vulnerable to an injury called skier’s thumb – a tear of the ulnar collateral ligament in the thumb’s large joint. This is likely to happen when the skier falls, and the ski pole handle forces the thumb to bend away from the fingers. The same injury can happen in other sports players who utilize hands to break a fall.
Treatment for Ligament Tears
Several common ligament injuries are treated non-surgically, although, some will need surgery to restore stable ligament function.
If the thumb ligament is totally torn, surgery may be essential. Occasionally, as the ligament tears, it pulls a bone fragment away from the base of the bone. The fragment may require to be removed or replaced to its accurate position. Patients commonly require wearing a short-arm cast or a splint to protect the thumb ligament for some time period following surgery. The surgical instruments are required to perform the surgery that is obtained from the orthopedic instrument manufacturers.
Racquets sports like tennis, racquet ball, and squash may make patients vulnerable to tendonitis of the wrist from repetitive wrist motion. Most of these injuries can be treated with a combination of rest, ice, immobilization, and anti-inflammatories.
Athletes of several sports are also vulnerable to tears of a structure known as the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) on the pinky side of the wrist from either a fall on a repetitive wrist or outstretched wrist motion. The TFCC is a shock absorbing wrist stabilizer and tears may cause clicking, pain or instability with forearm rotation. Several of these tears may be treated with rest, immobilization, and if required, cortisone shots. Sometimes, for persistently painful or unstable TFCC tears, surgery is suggested. The procedure is often accomplished arthroscopically through minimally invasive incisions.